The Two Calendars of the Bible

   First, to get off to a good start, what this paper is not about. Many books and clergy would say something like this; 

   "There are two calendars in the Bible, (1) the civil calendar and (2) the religious calendar. The first month in the civil calendar is Tishri starting in the fall, about September. The religious calendar's first month is  is Nisan (Aviv) starting in the spring, about the time of our March and April. The civil calendar's seventh month is the religious calendar's first month."

   A accountant might say;

   "There are two calendars in business. For example, the United States government has a fiscal year beginning on July1. For everything else the year starts on January 1. The first month of this fiscal calendar is the seventh month of the regular calendar."

   But both of these two examples are of one calendar each with two starting points.

   This article is not about one Bible calendar with two starting points. This article is not about a religious starting point and a civil starting point. 

   This article is about two completely separate Calendars, both in the Bible. One calendar is Solar. The other is Lunar. The Solar Calendar was used by Moses. The Lunar was used by the Jews of Jesus day and still used by them  today.

Two completely different calendars. Both in the Bible

Moses Lunar Solar Calendar The Jewish Lunar Calendar

   When trying to understand the 'true calendar of the Bible' people assumed that there was only one calendar. The only problem was to figure out the details. And there are as many 'answers' as scholars studying the situation. Many developed Lunar/Solar calendars.

   But, it was as if someone were to mix two different jigsaw puzzles into one box. And everyone trying to make just one picture.

There are two separate
and completely different
calendars in the Bible

What is the name of the first month of the year? If you were to look in the Bible to get the answer to this question here is what you would find? You would find two different answers.

The first month Abib

The first month Nisan

Exodus 12:2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

Deuteronomy 16:1 Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD thy God: for in the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.

Numbers 9:4-5  And Moses spake unto the children of Israel, that they should keep the passover. 5 And they kept the passover on the fourteenth day of the first month at even in the wilderness of Sinai: according to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so did the children of Israel.

Passover was observed on the 14th day of the first month and Abib is the name of the first month.

Nehemiah 2:1 And it came to pass in the month Nisan, in the twentieth year of Artaxerxes the king, that wine was before him: and I took up the wine, and gave it unto the king. Now I had not been beforetime sad in his presence.

Esther 3:7 In the first month, that is, the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of king Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that is, the lot, before Haman from day to day, and from month to month, to the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar.

   In Deuteronomy 16:1 we are told to observe the month Abib. Exodus 12:2 says that this month is the first month the year. However in Nehemiah 2:1 and Esther 3:7 we find that Nisan is the first month of the year.

   So the answer is: The Bible says Abib is the first month and the Bible says Nisan is the first month.

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Question 1: At this point we have a decision to make. Which do you think is true?

[  ] Nisan and Abib are different names for the same month.

[  ] The Bible contradicts itself.

[  ] They are names of the first months of two completely different calendars.

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