The History of the Governments
of Israel and Judah

Lesson Six

The Subject Material Of This Lesson is divided into three parts.

Part One: How Athaliah reigned over Jerusalem for five (six) years, when Jehoiada the high priest slew her, and made Jehoash, the son of Ahaziah, king.

 Part Two: Hazael makes an expedition against the people of Israel and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, at first is careful about the worship of God, but afterwords becomes impious, and commands Zechariah to be stoned; when Jehoash (King of Judah) was dead, Amaziah succeeds him in the Kingdom.

 Part Three: How Amaziah made an expedition against the Edomites and Amalekites, and conquered them; But when he afterwards made war against Joash, he was beaten, and not long after, was slain; and Uzziah succeeded in the government.. 

The Antiquities Of The Jews: By Josephus. In these lessons we will hear the witness of the historian Josephus (Joseph Ben Mattias). His father was a Levite and his mother was of the tribe of Judah. During his life he was a priest, general, prisoner, and later a Roman citizen and author. He lived from 37 A.D. to about 100 A.D. His writings are available in any Christian Book Store. We will present Josephus account parallel to the Bible's account.

In Association with


 Howbeit, Jehu King Of Israel
Took No Heed To Walk In The Law Of The Lord 

History of Israel

2 Kings 10:29-36

Josephus: Book 9, Section 6 and Chapter 8, Section 1 

 (29) Howbeit {from} the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin, Jehu departed not from after them, {to wit}, the golden calves that {were} in Bethel, and that {were} in Dan. (30) And the Lord said unto Jehu, Because thou hast done well in executing {that which is} right in mine eyes, {and} hast done unto the house of Ahab according to all that {was} in mine heart, thy children of the fourth {generation} shall sit on the throne of Israel. (31) But Jehu took no heed to walk in the law of the Lord God of Israel with all his heart: for he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam, which made Israel to sin. (32) In those days the Lord began to cut Israel short: and Hazael smote them in all the coasts of Israel; (33) From Jordan eastward, all the land of Gilead, the Gadites, and the Reubenites, and the Manassites, from Aroer, which {is} by the river Arnon, even Gilead and Bashan. (34) Now the rest of the acts of Jehu, and all that he did, and all his might, {are} they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? (35) And Jehu slept with his fathers: and they buried him in Samaria. And Jehoahaz his son reigned in his stead. (36) And the time that Jehu reigned over Israel in Samaria {was} twenty and eight years. Although, when this god (Baal) was demolished, Jehu permitted the Israelites to worship the golden heifers. However, because he had done thus, and taken care to punish the wicked, God foretold by his prophet, that this sons should reign over Israel for four generations: and in this condition was Jehu at this time.

Now Hazael, king of Syria, fought against the Israelites and their king Jehu, and spoiled the eastern parts of the country beyond Jordan, which belonged unto the Rubinities and Gadites, and to the half tribe of Manasities; as also Gilead and Basham, burning and spoiling, offering violence to all le laid hands on, and this without impeachment from Jehu, who made no haste to defend the country when it was under this distress: nay, he became a condemner of religion, and a despiser of holiness, and of the laws, and died when he had reigned over the Israelites twenty-seven years. He was buried in Samaria, and left Jehoahaz his son successor in the government."

How Athaliah reigned over Jerusalem for five (six) years, when Jehoiada the high priest slew her, and made Jehoash, the son of Ahaziah, king.

Athaliah, Queen Of Judah, Slays The Royal Seed

History of Judah  

2 Kings 11:1-12 2 Chronicles 22:10-23:11 Josephus: Book 9,
Chapter 7, Section 1. 
(1) And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.

(2) But Jehosheba, the daughter of king Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king's sons {which were} slain; and they hid him, {even} him and his nurse, in the bedchamber from Athaliah, so that he was not slain.

(3) And he was with her hid in the house of the Lord six years. And Athaliah did reign over the land.

(4) And the seventh year Jehoiada sent and fetched the rulers over hundreds, with the captains and the guard, and brought them to him into the house of the Lord, and made a covenant with them, and took an oath of them in the house of the Lord, and shewed them the king's son. (5) And he commanded them, saying, This {is} the thing that ye shall do; A third part of you that enter in on the sabbath shall even be keepers of the watch of the king's house;

(6) And a third part {shall be} at the gate of Sur; and a third part at the gate behind the guard: so shall ye keep the watch of the house, that it be not broken down.

(7) And two parts of all you that go forth on the sabbath, even they shall keep the watch of the house of the Lord about the king.

(8) And ye shall compass the king round about, every man with his weapons in his hand: and he that cometh within the ranges, let him be slain: and be ye with the king as he goeth out and as he cometh in.

(9) And the captains over the hundreds did according to all {things} that Jehoiada the priest commanded: and they took every man his men that were to come in on the sabbath, with them that should go out on the sabbath, and came to Jehoiada the priest.

(10) And to the captains over hundreds did the priest give king David's spears and shields, that {were} in the temple of the Lord.

(11) And the guard stood, every man with his weapons in his hand, round about the king, from the right corner of the temple to the left corner of the temple, {along} by the altar and the temple.

(12) And he brought forth the king's son, and put the crown upon him, and {gave him} the testimony; and they made him king, and anointed him; and they clapped their hands, and said, God save the king.


(10) But when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal of the house of Judah. (11) But Jehoshabeath, the daught

er of the king, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king's sons that were slain, and put him and his nurse in a bedchamber. So Jehoshabeath, the daughter of king Jehoram, the wife of Jehoiada the priest, (for she was the sister of Ahaziah,) hid him from Athaliah, so that she slew him not.

(12) And he was with them hid in the house of God six years: and Athaliah reigned over the land.

2Chronicles 23

(1) And in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and took the captains of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham, and Ishmael the son of Jehohanan, and Azariah the son of Obed, and Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, into covenant with him.

(2) And they went about in Judah, and gathered the Levites out of all the cities of Judah, and the chief of the fathers of Israel, and they came to Jerusalem.

(3) And all the congregation made a covenant with the king in the house of God. And he said unto them, Behold, the king's son shall reign, as the Lord hath said of the sons of David.

(4) This {is} the thing that ye shall do; A third part of you entering on the sabbath, of the priests and of the Levites, {shall be} porters of the doors;

(5) And a third part {shall be} at the king's house; and a third part at the gate of the foundation: and all the people {shall be} in the courts of the house of the Lord.

(6) But let none come into the house of the Lord, save the priests, and they that minister of the Levites; they shall go in, for they {are} holy: but all the people shall keep the watch of the Lord.

(7) And the Levites shall compass the king round about, every man with his weapons in his hand; and whosoever {else} cometh into the house, he shall be put to death: but be ye with the king when he cometh in, and when he goeth out.

(8) So the Levites and all Judah did according to all things that Jehoiada the priest had commanded, and took every man his men that were to come in on the sabbath, with them that were to go {out} on the sabbath: for Jehoiada the priest dismissed not the courses.

(9) Moreover Jehoiada the priest delivered to the captains of hundreds spears, and bucklers, and shields, that {had been} king David's, which {were} in the house of God.

(10) And he set all the people, every man having his weapon in his hand, from the right side of the temple to the left side of the temple, along by the altar and the temple, by the king round about. (11) Then they brought out the king's son, and put upon him the crown, and {gave him} the testimony, and made him king. And Jehoiada and his sons anointed him, and said, God save the king.



1. Now when Athaliah, the daughter of Ahab, heard of the death of her brother Joram, and of her son Ahaziah, and of the royal family, she endeavored that none of the house of David might be left alive, but that the whole family might be exterminated, that no king might arise out of it afterward; and, as she thought, she had actually done it; but one of Ahaziah's sons was preserved, who escaped death after the manner following:-Ahaziah had a sister by the same father, whose name was Jehoiada.

She went into the king's palace, and found Jehoash, for that was the little child's name, who was not above a year old, among those that were slain, but concealed with his nurse; so she took him with her into a secret bed-chamber, and shut him up there; and she and her husband Jehoiada brought him up privately in the temple six years, during which time Athaliah reigned over Jerusalem and the two tribes.

2. Now on the seventh year, Jehoiada communicated the matter to certain of the captains of hundreds, five in number, and persuaded them to be assisting to what attempts he was making against Athaliah, and to join with him in asserting the kingdom to the child.

He also received such oaths from them as are proper to secure those that assist one another from the fear of discovery; and he was then of good hope that they should depose Athaliah. 

Now those men whom Jehoiada the priest had taken to be his partners, went into all the country, and gathered together the priests and the Levites and the heads of the tribes out of it, and came and brought them to Jerusalem, to the high priest. 

So he demanded the security of an oath of them, to keep private whatsoever he should discover to them, which required both their silence and their assistance. 

So when they had taken the oath, and had thereby made it safe for him to speak, he produced the child that he had brought up, of the family of David, and said to them, This is your king, of that house of which you know God hath foretold should reign over you for all time to come: I exhort you, therefore, that one-third part of you guard him in the temple, and a fourth part keep watch at all the gates of the temple, and that the next part of you keep guard at the gate which opens and leads to the king's palace, and let the rest of the multitude be unarmed into the temple, but the priest only.

He also gave them this order besides, That a part of the priests and the Levites should be about the king himself, and be a guard to him, with their drawn swords, and to kill that man immediately, whoever he be, that should be so bold as to enter armed into the temple; and bade them be afraid of nobody, but persevere in guarding the king.

So these men obeyed what the highest priest advised them to, and declared the reality of their resolution by their actions. 

Jehoiada also opened that armory which David had made in the temple, and distributed to the captains of hundreds, as also to the priests and Levites, all the spears and quivers, and what kind of weapons soever it contained, and set them armed round about the temple, so as to touch one another's hands, and by that means excluding those from entering that ought not to be enter.

So they brought the child into the midst of them, and put on him the royal crown, and Jehoiada anointed him with the oil, and made him king; and the multitude rejoiced, and made a noise, and cried,  God save the king!





Question #1: Is it proper to store weapons in a church building?

      (  )   No, churches should oppose weapons, especially hand guns.
      (  )   Yes, King David gave us an example by making an armory
              inside the temple.

 Question #2: Is it wrong in God's eyes for a minister to carry a weapon in church, what do you think?

      (  )   It is O.K., Jehoiada the High Priest did.
      (  )   No, he would be giving a bad example to the congregation.

 Question #3: May a person reveal confidential information?  Specifically, someone swears you to secrecy, or you agree not to reveal certain information, can you reveal the information?

      (  )   Only for a good reason.
      (  )   No.

 Question #4: Can the questioner, in an attempt to discover confidential information use the commandment, thou shalt not bear false witness?

      (  )   Yes, you can never tell a lie.

      (  )    No, the command is thou shalt not bear false witness unto
               thy neighbor. Anyone who tries to get you to break an
               oath is not neighborly.

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