|This is a study of the dates
mentioned in the Bible and whether they have any prophetic significance for
The Bible Holidays
The Key to Unlock the Book of Revelation.
In Joshua chapter Israel marched around the city and blew
trumpets once each day for six days. On the seventh day they went around the
city and blew the trumpets seven times.
In Revelation 6-11 there are seven seals. The seventh
seal is divided into seven trumpets.
Exodus and Revelation both contain these features.
The Book of Revelation
|Three woes and seven plagues
|After these ten plagues Satan is bound
||After the ten plagues Mastema is bound
|Satan is loosed
||Mastema is loosed
|Gog and Magog gather to battle
||Pharaoh gathers to battle
|Devil is cast into a lake of fire
||Pharaoh is cast into the Red Sea
Our deliverance in the future is to be (1) "after the
manner of Egypt." and (2) according to the slaughter of Midian at the rock
24 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD of hosts, O my people that
dwellest in Zion, be not afraid of the Assyrian: he shall smite thee
with a rod, and shall lift up his staff against thee,
after the manner of Egypt.
25 For yet a very little while, and the indignation shall cease, and
mine anger in their destruction.
26 And the LORD of hosts shall stir up a scourge for him
according to the slaughter of Midian at the rock of Oreb: and
as his rod was upon the sea, so shall he lift it up
after the manner of Egypt.
There are available excellent Cassette Tape Bible studys showing how
America's future deliverance may be according to the slaughter of Midian
at the rock of Oreb:
____ 7317 - Gideon And The Rock Of Oreb (1 & 2)
____ 7318 - Gideon And The Rock Of Oreb (3 & 4)
____ 7319 - Gideon And The Rock Of Oreb (5 & 6)
____ 7320 - Gideon And The Rock Of Oreb (7 & 8)
Click here for
more information about these tapes.
Yes but? Who is Mastema mentioned above? Here is
the portion of Jubilees about Mastema being bound and loosed.
14. And on the fourteenth day, and on the fifteenth day, and on the
sixteenth day, and on the seventeenth day, and on the eighteenth day,
the prince Mastema was bound
and chained behind the children of Israel, so that he could not
accuse the children of Israel.
15. But on the nineteenth day we
let him loose, so that he could help the Egyptians and that
they could pursue the children of Israel; and he made hard their
hearts and strengthened them and he became powerful according to the
Lord our God, so that he could smite the Egyptians and hurl them into
16. And on the fifteenth day we bound him, so that he could not
accuse the children of Israel on the day when they asked for the
utensils and clothing from the men of Egypt, utensils of silver and
utensils of gold and utensils of iron in order to despoil the
Egyptians for having served him a service in oppression: and we did
not cause the children of Israel to go out of Egypt empty handed.
The information below was found at this web site.
Mastema is mentioned only in
Book of Jubilees and in the Fragments of a Zadokite Work.
In the Book of Jubilees, Mastema seems to be identified with Satan. He
asked the Lord that some of the spirits might be allowed to remain
with him to do his will. God granted his request and allowed one tenth
of the spirits to remain with Mastema, while the other nine parts
would be condemned. He seems to be of a different nature than those
evil spirits he is pleading for. He has no concern that he will be
bound with the others.
"When Mastema, the leader of the spirits, came, he said: 'Lord
creator, leave some of them before me; let them listen to me and do
everything that I tell them, because if none of them is left for me I
shall not be able to exercise the authority of my will aong mankind.
For they are meant for (the purposes of) destroying and misleading
before my punishment because the evil of mankind is great.' Then he
said that a tenth of them should be left before him, while he would
make nine parts descend to the place of judgment." - Jubilees 10:8-9
The name Mastema is probable derived from the Hebrew, Mastim, the
Hiphil participle of Satam, and it means 'one who is adverse' or
'inimical.' The word is equivalent to Satan (adversary). The term is
sometimes used in the plural, which indicates that there was a class
of 'the Mastema' as well as one prince, Mastema. This is similar to
the chief Satan and his class of Satans (see 1 Enoch 40:7).
Jubilees implies that Mastema is subservient to God. His task is
simply to tempt men to sin and if they do, he accuses them before the
Throne of God. He does not initiate the process of sin, but Mastema
and his spirits then lead them on to greater wrongdoing. This is
related to the Biblical function of Satan, where men can achieve
righteousness if they are tempted and resist.
"And they made for themselves molten images, and they worshipped each
the idol, the molten image which they had made for themselves, and
they began to make graven images and unclean simulacra, and malignant
spirits assisted and seduced (them) into committing transgression and
uncleanness. And the prince Mastema exerted himself to do all this,
and he sent forth other spirits, those which were put under his hand,
to do all manner of wrong and sin, and all manner of transgression, to
corrupt and destroy and to shed blood upon the earth. For this reason
he called the name of Seroh, Serug, for every one turned to do all
manner of sin and transgression. - Jubilees 11:4-6
This portrayal of Mastema is not always consistent because sometimes
he also is also presented as the incarnate of evil. He is seen as a
destroyer and as one who hates Israel.
According to Jubilees, it was Mastema (not Sammael) who urged God to
test the piety of Abraham (as Satan did with Job) by demanding Isaac
as a sacrifice.
"Then Prince Mastema came and said before God: 'Abraham does indeed
love his son Isaac and finds him more pleasing than anyone else. Tell
him to offer him as a sacrifice on an altar. Than you will see whether
he performs this order and will know whether he is faithful in
everything through which you test him.'" - Jubilees 17:16
Mastema is also attributed with certain actions that are ascribed to
God, Himself. In Jubilees, it is Mastema who made an attack on Moses'
life, not God (Exodus 4:24). This is similar 1 Chronicles 21:1 and 2
Samuel 24:1 where Satan is attributed to asking David to take a
census, as opposed to God.
"You know who spoke to you at Mt. Sinai and what the prince of Mastema
wanted to do to you while you were returning to Egypt - on the way at
the shady fir tree. Did he not wish with all his strength to kill you
and to save the Egyptians from your power because he saw that you were
sent to carry out punishment and revenge on the Egyptians?" - Jubilees
Mastema is also attributed with opposing Moses in Egypt. He is said to
have helped the Egyptian sorcerers achieve their wonders and urged the
Egyptians to pursue after the children of Israel. Mastema was even
bound and imprisoned so that he might not accuse them, re-released so
that he might help the Egyptians, and finally bound again. (48:15-19)
"And the prince Mastema stood up against thee, and sought to cast thee
into the hands of Pharaoh, and he helped the Egyptian sorcerers, and
they stood up and wrought before thee the evils indeed we permitted
them to work, but the remedies we did not allow to be wrought by their
hands." - Jubilees 48:9-10
"And notwithstanding all (these) signs and wonders the prince Mastema
was not put to shame because he took courage and cried to the
Egyptians to pursue after thee with all the powers of the Egyptians,
with their chariots, and with their horses, and with all the hosts of
the peoples of Egypt." - Jubilees 48:12
Also, Mastema is attributed with slaying the first-born in the land of
Egypt, which is attributed to the Lord in Exodus 12:29.
"For on this night -the beginning of the festival and the beginning of
the joy- ye were eating the passover in Egypt, when all the powers of
Mastema had been let loose to slay all the first-born in the land of
Egypt, from the first-born of Pharaoh to the first-born of the captive
maid-servant in the mill, and to the cattle." - Jubilees 49:2
The Fragments briefly mention that if a penitent sinner vows to
improve and then lives accordingly, the angel of Mastema departs from
Because of these similarities with the traditional role of Satan as
portrayed in the Old Testament, it is probable that Mastema is just an
apocalyptic name for Satan.
Suggested next subject:
Abraham Offers Isaac
Main Holiday subjects links
Passover subject links.
First page in this series.
Bible Holidays are statutes under the law
Thou shalt keep holy the Sabbath day.