Civil Sabbath Legislation In The Old Testament
(Before continuing, in your own Bible, read Nehemiah 1 -5
Nehemiah 5:14 Moreover from the
time that I was appointed to be their governor in the land of Judah, from
the twentieth year even unto the two and thirtieth year of Artaxerxes the king,
[that is], twelve years, I and my brethren have not eaten the bread of the
governor. Nehemiah was Governor of Judea under King
Artaxerxes as was, at a later time, Pilate was Governor of Judea under Caesar.
So the merchants
and sellers of all kind of ware lodged without Jerusalem once or twice.
- Nehemiah 13:15-21 In those
days saw I (Governor Nehemiah) in Judah [some]
treading wine presses on the sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, and lading
asses; as also wine, grapes, and figs, and all [manner of] burdens, which
they brought into Jerusalem on the sabbath day: and I testified [against
them] in the day wherein they sold victuals.
- There dwelt men of Tyre also
therein, which brought fish, and all manner of ware, and sold on the sabbath
unto the children of Judah, and in Jerusalem.
- Then I contended with the nobles of
Judah, and said unto them, What evil thing [is] this that ye do, and profane
the sabbath day?
- Did not your fathers thus, and did
not our God bring all this evil upon us, and upon this city? yet ye bring
more wrath upon Israel by profaning the sabbath.
- And it came to pass, that when
the gates of Jerusalem began to be dark before the sabbath,
I commanded that the gates should be shut, and charged that they should not
be opened till after the sabbath: and [some] of my servants set I at the
gates, that there should no burden be brought in on the sabbath day.
Then I testified against them, and
said unto them, Why lodge ye about the wall? if ye do so again, I will lay
hands on you. From that time forth came they no more on the Sabbath.
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